Laureate - 1999
He was born in Tours on 24 June 1923. He isa poet and essay writer, translator. He studied philosophy, history and art history. His poetry is hermetic and dense. Besides he’s a poet, he is also known as a critic, author of essays and studies in the field of literature, painting and music. He is an expert and translator of Shakespeare. His first steps in poetry were in 1953 with the poetry book On the Motion and Immobility of Douve. Works: Anti-Plato, 1947; Inscribed Stone, 1959; Breathing Shadow, 1963; In the Trap on the Doorstep, 1975; Beginning and End of Snow, 1991; Further, Faster, 1996 and others.